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2016年商务英语中级考试阅读材料:污染严重

  一项全球污染研究昨日发现,中国、印度和俄罗斯名列全球污染最严重地区之首。

  China, India and Russia top the list of the world’s most polluted places, a study of global pollution yesterday found.

  在全球十大污染最严重的地区中,上述三个国家各占两个,而另外四个地区分别位于秘鲁、乌克兰、赞比亚和阿塞拜疆。

  The three countries are each home to two of the world’s top 10 polluted sites, while the others are in Peru, Ukraine, Zambia and Azerbaijan.

  临汾和天津分别因空气质量糟糕和金属工业,成为中国污染最严重的城市。Sukinda和Vapi由于采矿业和一般工业,名列印度污染最严重地区榜首。金属冶炼中心诺里尔斯克和武器制造基地捷尔任斯克,是俄罗斯污染最严重的地区。

  Linfen and Tianjin are the worst polluted places in China because of poor air quality and the metal industry respectively. Sukinda and Vapi are the worst in India, the former because of mining and the latter from general industry. Norilsk, where metals are extracted, and Dzerzhinsk, home to weapons manufacture, are Russia’s most polluted locations.

  铁匠研究所(Blacksmith Institute)发布了有关全球30个污染最严重地区的报告。该组织表示,不太可能将十大污染地区进行排序,因为每个地区的污染形式不同,而且在其地理和人口方面也存在很大差别。

  The Blacksmith Institute, which produced the report on the “dirty 30” most polluted places on the planet, said it was not possible to rank the top 10 in order because of the different forms of pollution in each place and because they differed widely in their geography and population.

  铁匠研究所全球业务主管大卫?汉拉汉(David Hanrahan)表示:“这30个污染城市都对人类健康造成很大毒害。”

  “All sites in the dirty 30 are very toxic and dangerous to human health,” said David Hanrahan, director of global operations at Blacksmith.

  该研究所所长理查德?富勒(Richard Fuller)称:“事实上,这些污染地区的儿童正罹患疾病,(有些人)生命垂危,而目前还没有解决这些问题的先进科学。”

  Richard Fuller, director of the institute, said: “The fact of the matter is that children are sick and dying in these polluted places and it’s not rocket science to fix them.”

  报告发现,在30个污染最严重地区中,采矿业是污染最主要的原因,而金属冶炼、石化及其它工业也是污染的原因。

  Mining was found to be the most frequent cause of pollution in the dirty 30 but metals extraction, petrochemicals and other industries were also to blame.

  空气污染最严重地区分别是中国的临汾、兰州和乌鲁木齐,俄罗斯的马格尼托哥尔斯克,以及墨西哥城。

  The worst places for air pollution were Linfen, Lanzhou and Urumqi in China, Magnitogorsk in Russia and Mexico City.

  肯尼亚的丹罗拉垃圾场也榜上有名,成为城市垃圾污染最严重的地区。

  The Dandora dump in Kenya made it on to the list for being the worst site polluted by urban waste.

  乌克兰切尔诺贝利的核污染残留物使该地区进入十大污染城市之列,吉尔吉斯斯坦的梅鲁苏地区也因其核场所而上榜。

  Chernobyl’s legacy of nuclear contamination put the region in the top 10, and Mailuu-Suu in Kyrgyzstan was also judged one of the worst polluted for its nuclear site

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