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2015年英语四级考试每日一练(5月8日)

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在线测试本批《每日一练》试题,可查看答案及解析,并保留做题记录 >> 在线做题
  • 第1页:练习试题
单项选择题
1、听音频:
点击播放

根据所听到的内容,回题。

A.Buy his daughter new shoes.
B.Listen to his daughter's music
C.Respect his daughter's opinion.
D.Have a passion on music.


2、根据以上内容,回答题。
         New research shows girls who regularly have family meals are much less 36 to adopt all kinds of extreme weight control 37 , such as vomiting(催吐), using laxatives (泻药) or diet pills.
        A study surveying more than 2,500 American high school students found that gifts who ate five or more family meals a week had a much healthier relationship with food in later life.
        The research, published in international journal Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, polled students aged 13 to 17 in 1999 who were 38 up five years later. Regular family meals were found to have a protective effect 39 of the girls' age, weight, socio-economic status, dieting 40 or relationship with her family.
        Experts say doctors should encourage families to have dinner at the table instead of on the couch in front of the television to 41 against serious eating disorders.
        Belinda Dalton, director of eating disorders clinic The Oak House, said eating with family helped "no'mnalise (正常化) " young people's relationship with food.
        " When adolescents are feeling that they're not coping they turn to something that they can control and food is something 42 and accessible for them to control. Clearly, if they're sitting with their family on a regular basis then their family can be more in control of their eating," Ms Dalton said.
        "It's about, young people feeling connected with their family and that builds self-esteem and sense of worth and that can 43 very actively against someone developing an eating disorder. " An eating disorders expert, Kirsty Greenwood, said meal times were often difficult for sufferers. "It is 44 that they feel very ashamed of their eating habits and often won't eat with other people. Perhaps it's becausee they haven't 45 the importance of the family meal in their growing up," she said.
A.available
B.behaviors
C.examined
D.experienced
E.favorable
F.followed
G.habits
H.likely
I.potential
J.prohibit
K.protect
L.regardless
M.tendencies
N.typical
O.0. work

3、根据材料,回答问题。
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

A.He drives too fast.
B.His radio wakes her children up.
C.He plays his guitar too loudly.
D.His friends are too noisy.


4、根据材料,回答问题。
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

A.To explain a new requirement for graduation.
B.To interest students in a community service project.
C.To discuss the problems of elementary school students.
D.To recruit elementary school teachers for a special program.


5、

根据材料,回答问题。
You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.
A University Degree No Longer Confers Financial Security
A.Millions of school-leavers in the rich world are about to bid a tearful goodbye to their parents and start a new life at university. Some are inspired by a pure love of learning. But most also believe that spending three or four years at university--and accumulating huge debts in the process--will boost their chances of landing a well-paid and secure job.
B.Their elders have always told them that education is the best way to equip themselves to thrive in a globalised world. Blue-collar workers will see their jobs outsourced and automated, the familiar argument goes. School dropouts will have to cope with a life of cash-strapped (资金紧张的) insecurity. But the graduate elite will have the world at its feet. There is some evidence to support this view. A recent study from Georgetown University's Centre on Education and the Workforce argues that"obtaining a post-secondary credential ( 证书) is almost always worth it." Educational qualifications are tightly correlated with earnings: an American with a professional degree can expect to pocket $3.6m over a lifetime; one with merely a high- school diploma can expect only $1.3m. The gap between more- and less-educated earners may be widening. A study in 2002 found that someone with a bachelor's degree could expect to earn 75% more over a lifetime than someone with only a high-school diploma. Today the disparity is even greater.
C.But is the past a reliable guide to the future? Or are we at the beginning of a new phase in the relationship between jobs and education? There are good reasons for thinking that old patterns are about to change--and that the current recession-driven downturn (衰退) in the demand for Western graduates will morph (改变) into something structural. The strong wind of creative destruction that has shaken so many blue-collar workers over the past few decades is beginning to shake the cognitive elite as well.
D.The supply of university graduates is increasing rapidly. The Chronicle of Higher Education calculates that between 1990 and 2007 the number of students going to university increased by 22% in North America, 74% in Europe, 144% in Latin America and 203% in Asia. In 2007 150m people attended university around the world, including 70m in Asia. Emerging economies—specially China--are pouring resources into building universities that can compete with the elite of America and Europe. They are also producing professional- services firms snch as Tata Consulting Services and Infosys that take fresh graduates and turn them into world-class computer programmers and consultants. The best and the brightest of the rich world must increasingly compete with the best and the brightest from poorer countries who are willing to work harder for less money.
E. At the same time, the demand for educated labor is being reconfigured (重新配置) by technology, in much the same way that the demand for agricultural labor was reconfigured in the 19th century and that for factory labor in the 20th. Computers can not only perform repetitive mental tasks much faster than human beings. They can also empower amateurs to do what professionals once did: why hire a flesh-and-blood accountant to complete your tax return when Turbotax (a software package ) will do the job at a fraction of the cost? And the variety of jobs that computers can do is multiplying as programmers teach them to deal with tone and linguistic ambiguity.
F.Several economists, including Paul Krugman, have begun to argue that post-industrial societies will be characterized not by a relentless rise in demand for the educated but by a great "hollowing out", as mid-level jobs are destroyed by smart machines and high-level job growth slows. David Autor, of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), points out that the main effect of automation in the computer era is not that it destroys blue-collar jobs but that it destroys any job that can be reduced to a routine. Alan Blinder of Princeton University, argues that the jobs graduates have traditionally performed are if anything more "offshorable" than low-wage ones. A plumber or lorry-driver's job cannot be outsourced to India. A computer programmer's can.
G. A university education is still a prerequisite for entering some of the great industries, such as medicine, law and academia (学术界), that provide secure and well-paying jobs. Over the 20th century these industries did a wonderful job of raising barriers to entry--sometimes for good reasons (nobody wants to be operated on by a barber) and sometimes for self-interested ones. But these industries are beginning to bend the roles. Newspapers are fighting a losing battle with the blogosphere. Universities are replacing tenure-track professors with non-tenured staff. Law firms are contracting out routine work such as"discovery" (digging up documents relevant to a lawsuit) to computerized-search specialists such as Blackstone Discovery. Even doctors are threatened, as patients find advice online and treatment in Walmart's new health centers.
H.Thomas Malone of MIT argues that these changes--automation, globalizafion and deregulation--may be part of a bigger change: the application of the division of labor to brain-work. Adam Smith's factory managers broke the production of pins into 18 components. In the same way, companies are increasingly breaking the production of brain-work into ever tinier slices. TopCoder chops up IT projects into bite-sized chunks and then serves them up to a worldwide workforce of freelance coders.
I.These changes will undoubtedly improve the productivity of brain-workers. They will allow consumers to sidestep (规避 ) the professional industries that have extracted high rents for their services. And they will empower many brain-workers to focus on what they are best at and contract out more tedious tasks to others. But the reconfiguration of brain-work will also make life far less cozy and predictable for the next generation of graduates.
The creative destruction that has happened to blue-collar workers in the past also starts to affect the cognitive elite.


6、Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

A.Your heart rate is lowered.
B.It becomes harder for you to relax.
C.You become too tired to sleep.
D.Your sleeping rhythms are disrupted.


7、 回答题
    Here’s a case study for would-be MBAs to consider:the success of H Mart.an international supermarket chain based in New Jersey(the“H”in H Mart stands for Han Ah Reum.which means“one arm full of groceries”in Korean).Tlle first H Mart opened in Queens,New York in 1982,as a corner shop.Now there are stores in 11 states,Canada and Britain.A new one recently opened in Cambridge.
    Massachusetts,an affluent city outside Boston.
    The future looks bright for Asian supermarkets like H Mart.Eamings of Asian-American households outpace the American average.Their spending exceeds all other groups,too,according to Geoscape,a consultancy.And they spend more of their money on groceries than the average America household.But Asian delicacies can be hard to come by:few Americans are likely to see durian or bamboo shoots in their local shop.Some specialty ingredients are only to be found at a premium(高价)in up-market grocery stores,or miles away,in ethnic markets in older Asian neighborhpods.
    Americans have developed greater appetite for cooking and eating Asian foods,t00.In 2012 non.restaurant sales of Asian foods topped $1.5 billion,according to Mintel Group.a market.research firm.Though Latin foods are a bigger market,the popularity of Asian foods is growing faster.Once strange.seeming imports like seaweed and sashimi are now fashionable eats.Though the rate of growth is expected to fall,sales are likely to keep rising.
    Yet most Asian grocers have not made efforts to reach new customers,says Jeffrey Cohen,an analyst at IBIS World,an industries watcher.Many shops are located in minority enclaves,and do little to market themselves to other Americans.Cramped car parks and dingy interiors fend off customers used to the bright fluorescence(荧光)of mainstream supermarkets.Ingredients labeled with poorly-translated English Can leave shoppers bamed.
    A few Asian grocery chains have caught on,opening stores in more diverse suburbs,paying attention to cosmetic niceties(细节)and marketing more widely.Other than H Mart,there are Califomian chains such as 99 Ranch Market and Shun Fat Supermarket,which have been expanding to the American southwest.The former was even featured in a humorous YouTube music vide—“Asians Eat Weird Things”—which has attracted more than 900,000 hits.Those weird things may not seem so weird after all.

What makes the future ofAsian supermarkets so bright?
A.High income and spending ofAsian-AmeriCalls.
B.High income ofAsians and unreachable Asian foods in local American shops.
C.High expenditures of Asians on grocery.
D.Low earnings of the other groups.


8、听音频:

点击播放

回答题:
问题
A.See a doctor about her strained shoulder.
B.Use a ladder to help her reach the tea.
C.Replace the cupboard With a new one.
D.Place the tea on a lower shelf next time.


简答题
9、You should start your essay with a briefdescription of the picture and then express your views on the problem oftrust crisis. 

写作导航 
1.简要描述图片,指出人们之问缺少信任是一种不良社会现象,会产生严重后果; 
2.从政府、社会机构(媒体和学校)和个人三个层面出发阐述了解决办法;
3.进行总结,建议人们从个人做起,谨小慎微,提高诚信意识。 


10、

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