（考试范围：高考综合 适用班级：高三学年各班 ）
Today vegetables, fish, fruit, meat and beer are canned in enormous quantities. Within three generations the 1 habits of millions have been revolutionized. Foods that were previously 2 may now be eaten at any time, and strange foods are 3 far from the countries where they are 4 . The crops many farmers now produce often depend on the nearness of a canning factory.
The first stage in the canning 5 is the preparation of the raw food. Diseased and waste portions are thrown 6 ; meat and fish are cleaned and trimmed; fruit and vegetables washed and graded for 7 . The jobs are principally 8 by machine.
The next stage, for vegetables only, is soak in very 9 or boiling water for a short time to remove air and 10 the vegetable. This makes 11 easier to pack into cans for sterilization (free from living germs).Some packing machines fill 12 to 400 cans a minute. Fruit, fish and meat are packed raw and cold into cans, and then all the air is removed. 13 the cans are sealed, the pressure inside each can is only about half the pressure of the outside air.
The sterilization process which follows the cans are subjected 14steam or boiling water, with the temperature and time 15 according to the type of food. Cans of fruit, for example, 16 only 5-10 minutes in boiling water, 17 meat and fish are cooked at higher temperatures for 18 period. After sterilization, the cans are cooled quickly to 32 degree to prevent the contents 19 becoming too soft.
The final stage before sending off to the grocer is labeling, and packing the tins into boxes. Nowadays, however, labeling is often printed on in 20 by the can-maker and no paper labels are then required.
1.A) eat B) eatable C) eaten D) eating
2.A) monthly B) year-round C) seasonal D) quarterly
3.A) accessible B) obtained C) available D) usable
4.A) planting B) grown C) growing D) producing
5.A) process B) reaction C) procession D) program
6.A) about B) away C) down D) up
7.A) size B) length C) height D) breadth
8.A) had B) fulfilled C) pocked D) done
9.A) chilly B) cold C) hot D) freezing
10.A) soften B) cook C) steam D) harden
11.A) them B) it C) us D) that
12.A) up B) down C) in D) on
13.A) When B) If C) Although D) Before
14.A) on B) to C) in D) at
15.A) varies B) vary C) varied D) varying
16.A) cost B) spend C) take D) consume
17.A) as B) because C) while D) for
18.A) less B) longer C) shorter D) more
19.A) off B) through C) by D) from
20.A) fashion B) before hand C) advance D) practice
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项A、 B、 C、D中，选出最佳选项，并填写在答题卡上。
We made it!
There was an exhilarating (使人高兴的，令人振奋的) feeling in the air last night in Beijing.
When retiring President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Juan Antonio Samaranch announced that Beijing had won the 2008 Summer Olympic Games hid yesterday in Moscow, Chinese people know their dream to host modern Olympic Games had finally come true.
The victory is a source of pride not only for Beijing but for all Chinese. It was nation wide support that sustained the bid effort and led it to its final success.
Ever since Beijing’s first bid failed in 1993, it has been the business of every Chinese national to root for and encourage the city’s second attempt to host the Olympics. All of China, from the government to its citizens, has pledged all-out support for the bid.
The Olympic philosophy states: “Olympism seeks to create a way of life based on the joy found in effort, the educational value of good example and respect for universal fundamental ethnical principles.” Beijing is ready to put its wisdom, strength and character to the ultimate test in the next seven years to fulfill this goal.
We believe the city will make the 2008 Olympic Games the most unique one ever.
We also believe the Games will leave a legacy to the country’s environment and human rights.
As He Zhenliang, a longtime IOC member from China, said in China’s bid presentation, “The Olympic flame lights up the way of progress for humanity. By voting for Beijing you will bring the Games for the first time in history to a country which has one fifth of the world’s population. The message you send today may signal the beginning of a new era of global unity.”
21. At the beginning of the passage, “We made it” could be replaced by _____.
A. We were happy
B. We did something
C. We were successful
D. We have won the 2008 Olympic Games bid
22. Which of the following is not mentioned in this passage?
A. Beijingers were exhilarated with the success last night.
B. Beijing will try her best to make the Games the most unique one.
C. The Games will enhance China’s environment and human rights.
D. None of the above.
23. What’s the subject discussed in the passage?
A. Beijing’s victory
B. The 2008 Olympic Games
C. The Olympic Philosophy
D. Beijing’s Failure in 1993
Maybe ten year-old Elizabeth put it best when she said to her father, “But, Dad, you can’t be healthy if you’re dead. ”
Dad, in a hurry to get home before dark so he could go for a run, had forgotten to wear his safety-belt：a mistake 75% of the US population make every day. The big question is why.
There have been many myths about safety belts ever since their first appearance in cars some forty years ago. The following are three of the most common.
Myth Number One: It’s best to be “thrown clear” of a serious accident.
Truth: Sorry, but any accident serious enough to “throw you clear” is also going to be serious enough to give you a very bad landing. And chances are you’ll have traveled through a windshield (挡风玻璃) or door to do it. Studies show that chances of dying after a car accident are twenty-five times greater in cases where people are “throw clear”. Myth Number Two: Safety-belts “trap” people in ears that are burning or sinking in water.
Truth: Sorry again, but studies show that people knocked unconscious (昏迷) due to not wearing safety belts have a greater chance of dying in these accidents. People wearing safety belts are usually protected to the point of having a clear head to free themselves from such dangerous situations, not to be trapped in them.
Myth Number Three: Safety belts aren’t needed at speeds of less than 30 miles per hour (mph).
Truth: When two cars traveling at 30 mph hit each other, an unbelted driver would meet the windshield with a force equal to diving headfirst into the ground from a height of 10 meters.
24. Why did Elizabeth say to her father, “But, Dad, you can’t be healthy if you’re dead”?
A. He was driving at great speed.
B. He was running across the street.
C. He didn’t have his safety belt on.
D. He didn’t take his medicine on time.
Ziyuanku.com25. The reason Father was in a hurry to get home was that he______.
A. wasn’t feeling very well
B. hated to drive in the dark
C. wanted to take some exercise
D. didn’t want to be caught by the police
26. According to the text, to be “thrown clear” of a serious accident is very dangerous because you ______.
A. may be knocked down by other cars
B. may get seriously hurt being thrown out of the car
C. may find it impossible to get away from the seat
D. may get caught in the car door
27. Some people prefer to drive without wearing a safety belt because they believe ______.
A. the belt prevents them from escaping in an accident
B. they will be unable to think clearly in an accident
C. they will be caught when help comes
D. cars catch fire easily
28. What is the advice given in the text?
A. Never drive faster than 30 miles an hour.
B. Try your best to save yourself in a car accident.
C. Never forget to wear the safety belt while driving.
D. Drive slowly while you’re not wearing a safety belt.
Let children learn to judge their own work. A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time if corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the differences between the language he uses and the language those around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people’s. In the same way, children learning to do all the other things they learn to do without being taught to walk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle compare (比较) their own performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes and correct them for himself. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him. or correct it unless he was made to. Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it. what this word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not.
If it is a matter of right answer, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should our teachers waste time to such routine work? Our job should be to help the ch[Id when he tells us that he can’t find the way to get the right answer. Let the children learn what all educated persons must some day learn, how to measure their own understanding, how to know what they know or do not know.
29. According to the passage, the best way for children to learn things is by _______.
A. listening to ,skilled people’s advice
B. asking older people many questions
C. making mistakes and having them corrected
D. doing what other people do
30. Which of the following does the writer think teachers should NOT do?
A. Give children correct answers.
B. Allow children to make mistakes.
C. Point out children’s mistakes to them.
D. Let children mark their own work
31 one of the best things you can possibly do is to start you own club. it’s great fun especially if you are the sort of person who feels there’s never anything to do during the school holidays.
the first thing you need to come up with is an idea for your club. _32_ pets, clothes, pop music or dancing groups, sports, making things? the list is endless.
next you need some friends to be in your club with you. 33 all you need is three or four other people who are interested in the same thing as you.
34 you should all sit down somewhere together with lots of pieces of paper and write down every name you can think up. that’ll keep you busy for ages.
at your first meeting you should make up a rule book. and the first rule should be no grown-ups or little/big brothers or sisters! the best clubs are always secret!
now you have just about everything you need, except membership cards. these are very important and again you can speed a lot of time making them. 35 why not leave some space for a photo of yourself? that will make the membership card really look like it.
so there you are, get clubbing! once you get started you’ll think of loads of more interesting things to do!
b.enjoy your own club!
c.invite a designer to join you.
d.what are you interest in?
e.some vacation is just around the corner.
f.then you need to pick a name for your club.
g.use a bright thick pen to make a special design.
Table manners vary from culture to culture. What is acceptable in one country 36 be considered extremely rude in another . Here we will tell you about the traditional table manners 37 the modern table manners in Korea . 38 ( tradition ), it was the woman's job to cook food and 39 ( set ) the table . The woman would sit 40 her husband to make sure that he had everything he needed for a pleasant meal . Only 41 the husband finished , would the woman and her children eat . Nowadays, table manners have changed a lot . 42 of the family members eat together at the same time . It is common to see everyone help with the meal , 43 ( include ) the husband. One tradition , however, has not changed . It is that the oldest person starts the meal. 44 ( stay ) until the oldest person is finished is considered to be 45 basic tradition of Korean table manners .
I can’t swim so I have a strong fear of water. Look back at my childhood, I think
that three reasons might explain fear. Firstly, I am not allowed to go near the water when I was a child, as my mother had an unreasonable fear of it. Therefore, I was taught to see to the water as something danger. Secondly, my eyes became bad when I was five. If I took off my glass in the water, I couldn’t see something, and this increased my fear. What’s worse, for a child I once saw a neighbor drowned. Since then I have been more frightening.
It’s useful and necessary to discuss learning habits.