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衡阳市八中2017届高三第四次月考英语试卷及答案

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衡阳市八中2017届高三第四次月考

英语试题

命题:肖文芳  易建华

    注意:本堂考试,时量:120分钟,满分150分。

第Ⅰ卷

    第一部分 听力(共两节,每小题1.5分,满分30)

    做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

    听音频:

    如不能正常播放,点击试听>>>衡阳市八中2017届高三第四次月考英语听力

    第一节

    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个话题,从题中所给的A、B、C

    三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

    1.What do we know about Betty?

    A. She has travelled worldwide.         

    B. She is going to New York.  

    C. She likes collecting postcards.           

    2. What are the speakers most probably?

    A. Physicians.          

    B. Teachers.             

    C. Students.

    3. What kind of food does the woman want the man to buy?

    A. Fast food.           

    B. Green food.           

    C. Organic food.

    4. Where do the speakers plan to go?

    A. The theater.         

    B. The grandma ’s.         

    C. The aunt’s. 

    5. What is the woman doing?

    A. Making complaints.                

    B. Offering suggestions.

    C. Asking for help.       

    第二节

    听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题, 从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读每个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。 每段对话或独白读两遍。

    听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

    6. Which of the following does the woman want to learn?  

    A. French.                 

    B. English.             

    C. Chinese.

    7.When will the speakers start the language learning?

    A. Tonight.                

    B. Tomorrow.           

    C. Next Thursday.

    听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

    8. Why does the man decide to be a painter?

    A. To make more money.    

    B. To kill time.          

    C. To do what he likes.

    9.What’s the woman’s attitude towards the man?

    A. Respectful.             

    B. Negative.            

    C. Indifferent.

    听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

    10. What are the speakers doing?

    A. Having a meal.      

    B. Cleaning a fish.       

    C. Cooking dinner.

    11. Where does the conversation most probably take place?

    A. In a restaurant.      

    B. At the woman’s home.

    C. At the man ’s home.

    12. Who does the woman want to see?

    A. The man’s friend.       

    B. The man’s children.      

    C. The man’s wife.

    听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

    13.When does the conversation take place?

    A. On Sunday.           

    B. On Saturday.            

    C. On Friday.

    14.How does the woman feel about the news?

    A. Confused.             

    B. Disappointed.          

    C. Sympatheti

    15.What does the man say about his dog?   

    A. She had a short life.            

    B. She died of natural causes.        

    C. She should get better soon.

    16.What does the woman offer to do?

    A. Call the man more often.        

    B. Cook for the man.           

    C. Invite the man to another party.

    听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

    17.How does Anna treat Jack according to the talk?

    A. Bathing him and paying his health bills and taxes.            

    B. Buying his clothes and paying his phone bills and taxes.          

    C. Buying his food and paying his health bills and taxes.

    18.What is the life like for the people in Sweden?

    A. Busy.              

    B. Orderly.                 

    C. Easy.

    19.What are the dog taxes used for?

    A.Buying insurance for dog owners.  

    B.Paying for any damage done by dogs.      

    C.Providing medical care for dogs.

    20.What can we learn from the talk?

    A. People in Sweden pay a lot of taxes.    

    B. Owning dogs means asking for trouble.

    C. Many car accidents are caused by dogs.

    第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

    (共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分。)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

    Disney World has four theme parks. A single-day admission ticket to any of these four theme parks is $67 for adults and $ 56 for young children above three years. The very best time to come here includes middle of April to late May, and Labor Day to middle of November or early December.

    Magic Kingdom

    This is the original Disney park from which the entire Disney World has expanded. Once you get here, you can pose for pictures with the Disney characters at the entrance. But if you want to save time, go straight to the Main Street. The children would almost certainly desire to see the Dumbo and Winnie. Just remember the parking lot is usually packed. You will need to walk to the entrance gate.

    Epcot

    Epcot is divided into two sections: World Showcase and Future World. Future World is all about futuristic rides and high-tech attractions like Test Track and Turtle Talk with Crush.  The World Showcase, which lies along a lake, shows international styles from different parts of the globe, including Germany, Canada, Mexico, China and a lot more.

    Animal Kingdom

    If you’re an animal lover, you’ll really like the Animal Kingdom. The newest addition to this part of Disney World is the Expedition Everest ride plus the Finding Nemo stage show. It’s very best to come here in the morning when the animals are more active. The safari (游猎)is open but the opening hours depend on the animals, and how active they are during the day.

    Disney’s Hollywood Studios

    You will discover plenty of huge attractions inside this movie park. Indiana Jones, Playhouse Disney Live, Beauty and the Beast Live on Stage, and also the Lights, Motors, Actions Extreme Stunt show are just few of what you need to watch out for. It is also the very best spot for taking pictures with Disney characters.

    21. If your parents bring you and your three-year-old little brother to visit Magic Kingdom, the cost is at least____________.

    A. $123            

    B. $255          

    C. $190              

    D. $179

    22. You think Epcot is worth visiting probably because you can __________.

    A. see the most popular movies nowadays

    B. enjoy the foreign styles along the lake

    C. take pictures with the Disney characters

    D. go hunting wherever you like

    23. Which of the following may have something to do with animals?

    A. Actions Extreme Stunt show.

    B. The Dumbo and Winnie.

    C. Playhouse Disney Live.

    D. The Finding Nemo stage show.

B

    “Helicopter parenting” describes a style of raising children where parents are overprotective and do too much. The term describes parents who hover over their kids at home and on the playground like a helicopter. Today, modern technology allows these helicopter parents to hover from even faraway places. They can give their children directions at any moment from anywhere.

    Julie Lythcott-haims wrote a book titled How to Raise an Adult: Break Free of the Overparenting Trap and Prepare Your Kids for success. In her book, she gives readers a closer look at this parenting style. She also explains why parents should stop it.

    Julie Lythcott-Haims says she experienced the effects of helicopter parenting first-hand when she worked as dean of first-year students at Standford University. The incoming students, or freshmen, she says, were very smart and accomplished on paper. But many were unable to take care of themselves. “They were turning to parents constantly for guidance, for problem-solving, to have them make the choice about something.”

    Lythcott-Haims warns this kind of parenting has many short-term wins but long-term costs that harm the child. She uses an area common to most children--a playground. Lythcott-Haims suggests letting your child get a little hurt.

    “If you do your child’s homework, it will be perfect. That is what she calls the short-term win. The long-term cost is that your child may not feel capable. And he does not become a determined learner, meaning he will give up easily when faced with a difficult problem to solve.” So what can parents do if they want to beak the overparenting “helicopter” cycle? Reading Julie’s book, you can follow some ways to stop hovering over your children. In a word, when kids have all the skills to take care of themselves, they will be prepared for adulthood.

    24. The underlined words “hover over” in Paragraph 1 probably mean “________”.

    A. deal with                 

    B. fly over 

    C. stare at                       

    D. circle around

    25. What do the “helicopter parents ” believe?

    A. Short-term wins can harm the kids.

    B. Getting protection from parents is necessary. 

    C. Trying to make decisions should be valued. 

    D. Learning from failure is helping kids.

    26. What should parents do for their children based on Julie’s study?

    A. Encourage them to do what they can do.

    B. Help them grow with parents ’ protection. 

    C. Guide them in doing as parents do or say. 

    D. Prevent them from playing on a playground.

    27. What would be the best title for the text?

    A. How to Break the Overparenting Cycle

    B. How to Help Adults with Their Problems

    C. Helicopter Parenting Is Well Worth Trying 

    D. Helping Children Too Much Is Hurting Them

C

    They swim lovely along the shore, looking for underwater greens to feed on. But these days, along Florida’s western coast, something is mixing with the seas grass that manatees like to eat. And it’s making them sick --- even killing them.

    It’s a poisonous form of algae, usually called “red tide” because of its color. Algae are plant-like organisms (微生物) that live mainly in water. Most are harmless, but not red tide. When it gets mixed in with the grass and the manatees eat it, they get so sick that they can’t even swim.

    “They’re basically paralyzed (瘫痪的), and they become unconscious, ” said Virginia Edmonds, an animal care manager. Manatees are mammals and they need to surface often to breathe in air. If a manatee is paralyzed, it can’t swim and will drown.

    As of Monday, the current red tide outbreak has killed at least 174 manatees since the beginning of this year. That has already beaten Florida’s record-high number for manatee deaths in a single year --- and we still have nearly nine months to go!

    The experts aren’t sure when the red tide outbreak will end. So many more manatees are in danger. The situation has gotten so desperate that Florida zoos have rescued at least a dozen manatees. You can find manatees anywhere from Brazil up to Florida --- and throughout much of the Caribbean Sea.

    In fact, the manatee is officially considered an endangered species. Thanks to the US government’s protection, Florida’s manatee population has grown to approximately 5,000 in recent years. But the red tide is threatening their survival. Some experts suspect that pollution from farms even might be fueling the red tide outbreak, because fertilizer that’s used on farms often winds up in water. And when that fertilized water runs off into the Gulf of Mexico, it makes things grow faster --- just like on land.

    If you’re in Florida and you see a manatee that doesn’t look right, wildlife officials would like you to call them. They’ve set up a free hotline --- 888-404-3922. “We want to preserve the manatees for the future of Florida,” said Martine, a veterinarian (兽医) with Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission. “We want future generations to enjoy manatees the way we enjoy them right now.”

    28. All of the following are about descriptions of red tide except ____________.

    A. plant-like organisms that live mainly in water    

    B. a kind of sea grass that manatees like to eat

    C. a poisonous form of algae                   ;

    D. growing rapidly

    29. In the text, the author seems to worry that _____________.

    A. manatees from Brazil up to Florida will be hunted

    B. the experts cannot prevent the red tide from spreading

    C. more manatees will be killed in the following nine months

    D. manatees will have to spend their winter in the Caribbean Sea

    30.What can we infer from the text?

    A. The experts know the red tide will end this year.

    B. Florida zoos should try to search for sick manatees in the sea.

    C. The manatees benefit little from the US government ’s protection.

    D. Farms should be stopped from sending out harmful materials into the sea.

    31.The free hotline is mentioned in the last paragraph to ________.

    A. call on people to protect the environment

    B. let future generations enjoy manatees better

    C. remind people to save the manatees in trouble

    D. show the determination of protecting the manatees

D

    A team of researchers from Oxford University in Britain had demonstrated a self-driving car that is obviously different from such cars being tested by Audi, Ford, et

    C. It’s much cheaper because it’s based on off-the-shelf (现成的) technology wired and controlled by an ordinary iPad. Instead of using GPS to understand where it is and where it needs to go, the car learns routes when a person is driving, and then asks after it’s got it down,if the driver would like the computer to take over.

    It’s a radical(激进的) idea, and one that deserves attention, because as time passes it’s becoming clear that people believe computers would be better drivers. It had been proven that computers are able to react more quickly to driving conditions, make smarter decisions, don’t take risks, and don’t make mistakes in focusing. They don’t drink, which means accidents due to drunk driving could be reduced dramatically if the computer could take over when someone needs to get home from the bar. And the team says drivers don’t need their cars to know everything about every road, condition or possible danger. Instead, they just need to know how to get from one point to another, and to do a good job of it when asked.

    To that end, the researchers have added cameras, lasers and of course, a central computer to process information and a simple interface (接口), which for now means a regular iPad. In practice, they would learn how to get to and from places that the driver frequents, such as their work place of grocery store. Once it has it down, the computer asks the driver if they’d like a rest, if so, they simply tap the iPad, and the car takes over.

    It’s very neat and simple, and doesn’t require nearly the same degree of gadgetry (小机件) as those being tested by other car companies. The researchers say people might be able to get the total price of the system below a hundred dollars. And of course, the iPad can be lifted out and carried away for other purposes when not being used as a driver assist.

    32.How are the cars tested by Oxford University different from others?

    A.They depend on GPS to understand the location.

    B.They depend on the technology available at a low cost

    C. They should develop a good relationship with their owners

    D. They should remember the places that their owners frequently go.

    33.Computers are believed to be better drivers mainly because ____________.

    A. they seldom make mistakes in focusing

    B. they get more skilful in avoiding dangers

    C. they can react more quickly and make better decisions

    D. they are more familiar with every road they go

    34. We can infer from the text that the iPad _______________.

    A. acts as a surface for drivers to connect with gadgetry inside

    B. has replaced cameras, lasers, and a central computer

    C. will become a new hit since it is used in a self-driving car

    D. cannot be removed when it is not used

    35. What is the author’s tone of writing this text?

    A.Serious.

    B.Persuasive.         

    C. Objective.         

    D.Subjective.

    第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

    Whether you are in a professional or social environment, treat other people with respect. While everyone is different, all people like to be treated with dignity, treated fairly and made to feel as though they matter. Keeping a few rules in mind regarding how to show respect will resolve problems easily when they occur. 36

     Punctuality

    Be punctual. Actions speak louder than words, and one of the easiest ways to send a nonverbal message of disrespect to someone is by showing up late for an appointment or meeting. One tip for ensuring that you are punctual is to pretend that the appointment is 15-30 minutes before its actual time. 37

     Listening to others

    Showing respect for others includes allowing them to speak uninterrupted, listening to what they are saying and acting on reasonable requests that they have for improving the relationship. If another person is explaining something to you, when he is finished, repeat your understanding of the conversation to assure him that you are on the same page. Listening is one of hardest, yet simplest things to do to demonstrate respect. 38

    Empowering others

    Respecting people involves not just allowing for differences in terms of their goals and ambitions, but going one step further and encouraging them to follow their dreams, no matter how far-fetched or impossible they may be. Discouraging people from achieving their goals can come across as condescending(居高临下的) from their view points. 39

    衡阳市八中2017届高三第四次月考英语试卷及答案Manners

    Do not underestimate the power of manners as a way of showing respect. 40

    Likewise, refrain from speaking loudly on a cell phone in public places or texting while you are in the company of others.

    A.You do not think their time is valuable.

    B.And it belittles their sense of ability and importance.

    C.Events beyond your control may make it impossible to arrive on time.

    D.And it will also reduce the likelihood that interpersonal disputes will arise.

    E.This allows you extra time in case an unexpected event (e.g. traffic) occurs.

    F.Saying “please”, “thank you” and “you’re welcome” develops goodwill between people.

    G.Because the natural tendency is to talk, few people are capable of truly listening.

    第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

    第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

    Everyone has stories about facing adversity in his lives. The 41 is what we did to overcome it.

    We used to have a glass studio near our home. Several years ago we 42 an awful winter; we had much snow and ice. The 43 of the ice and snow collapsed the roof of our studio, taking with it one of the sources of our income. Before it collapsed, we got on the roof and tried to 44 the snow and ice, but when the thickness of ice was 5 feet and the temperature was minus 20 ℃, it was pretty 45 to do.

    We had a friend helping us try and 46 the roof by bracing(支撑) . Finally, there was 47 that could be done. The roof 48. We had moved a lot of our goods and tools from the studio but we 49 a lot also: glass, stoves, workbenches, to 50 only a few of the items. It was a(n) 51 experience.

    Here we were in the middle of 52 with our studio collapsed. We couldn’t work as we had 53 all the material we were not using in a building. We could have done one of two things. First, we could simply no longer 54 our glass business. And this was certainly a thought that crossed our 55. Second, we could find a way to get our studio 56 up and running.

    We picked option 2. We had a large 57 that we were not using. 58 we renovated(翻新) the barn, redesigned our working area and today we have a nicer studio than we have 59 had. If the adversity we faced had not happened, we probably would still be working in the old studio—a studio that was 60.

41.A.opinion
B.discussion
C.difference
D.judgement
42.A.remembered
B.experienced
C.overcame
D.forecast
43.A.quality
B.mixture
C.length
D.weight
44.A.melt
B.prevent
C.remove
D.carry
45.A.difficult
B.upset
C.necessary
D.important
46.A.move
B.save
C.change
D.repair
47.A.something
B.nothing
C.everything
D.anything
48.A.broke up
B.cut up
C.took down
D. came down
49.A.missed
B.lost
C.found
D.damaged
50.A.name
B.follow
C.buy
D.give
51.A.surprising
B.uninteresting
C.devastating
D.boring
52.A.life
B.experience
C.work
D.winter
53.A.given away
B.put away
C.given up
D.put up
54.A.continue
B.reduce
C.avoid
D. enlarge
55.A.hearts
B.feelings
C.mind
D. sense
56.A.turn
B.back
C.make
D.look
57.A. barn
B.workshop
C.area
D.studio
58.A.For
B.Or
C.But
D.So
59.A.yet
B.already
C.never
D.ever
60.A.higher
B.worse
C.better
D.wider

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