Long conversation 1
Q1: B Having friendly colleagues
解析：原文中前半部分男士说到：“The most important factor for the majority of the people interviewed was having friendly, supportive colleagues.” 对于大部分接受采访的人来说，重要的因素是拥有友好的、互相支持的同事们。
解析：原文中部男士说到：“However, 20% of employees described themselves as being unhappy.” 20%的员工说他们工作得不开心。
Q3：A those of a small size
解析：后半部男士提到：“First of all, small is beautiful: people definitely prefer working for smaller organizations or companies with less than 100 staff.” 首先小就是好：人们偏爱在少于100人的小公司工作。
Q4：C They can better balance work and life
解析：原文中男士说到：“And workers on part-time contracts, who only work 4 or 5 hours a day, are happier than those who work full-time. The researchers concluded that this is probably due to a better work-life balance.” 每天工作4、5个小时的兼职人员比全职人员要开心，这可能是由于一种更好的工作与生活之间的平衡。
Long conversation 2
Q5：D It is a collection of photos.
解析：原文前部分男士提到：“In 2006, when the concert hall of the city of Bruges asked me to take some pictures for a catalogue for a new concert season around the theme of water.” 在2006年，布鲁日城市音乐厅请我帮他们完成一个以水为主题的摄影系列。所以这本书是一个摄影系列。
Q6: C When taking pictures for a concert catalogue.
解析：原文前部分男士提到：“In 2006, when the concert hall of the city of Bruges asked me to take some pictures for a catalogue for a new concert season around the theme of water.” 在2006年，布鲁日城市音乐厅请我帮他们完成一个以水为主题的摄影系列。所以是在拍摄这个系列时产生的灵感。
Q7：A The entire European coastline will be submerged.
解析：原文中部提到：“It is clear now that it is a matter of time before the entire European coastline disappears under water.” 很明确，整个欧洲海岸线的消失只是时间的问题，由此判断出正确答案。
Q8：D Tourists use wooden paths to reach their hotels in the morning.
解析：文章结尾提到：“Also, Venice, the city eternally threatened by the sea, where every morning wooden pathways have to be set up to allow tourists to reach their hotels.” 威尼斯全程都被海洋威胁着，每天早上人们都要搭上木桥，游客们才能顺利到达旅馆。
Q9: C they spend too much time anticipating their defeat
解析：原文句说到：“When facing a new situation, some people tend to rehearse their defeat by spending too much time anticipating the worst.” 当面临新的挑战， 人们总花很多时间去想坏的情况。由此得出正确答案。
Q10：D Thinking has the same effect on the nervous system as doing
解析：原文提到：“Research conducted at Stanford University shows a mental image fires the nerve system the same way as actually doing something.” 斯坦福大学发布的研究表明，心理暗示对神经系统作用巨大，会终导致同样的结果。
Q11：C Picture themselves succeeding
Q12：B She won her first jury trail
Q 13: C It helps people to avoid developing breast cancer
解析：文章前部分提到：“Telling them that eating lots of high-fiber foods could reduce the risk of breast cancer before middle age.” 摄入大量高纤维食品合一降低中年时期患乳腺癌的概率。
Q14：D It tracked their eating habits since their adolescence
解析：文章中间提到：“It turns out that those who consumed the highest levels of fiber during adolescence had a lower risk of developing breast cancer.” 研究发现青春期摄入越多纤维的女性在未来患乳腺癌的概率越低。所以答案是这项研究从她们青春期开始追踪的。
Q15：A Fiber may help to reduce hormones in the body
解析：文章后半部分提到：“The finding points to long-standing evidence that fiber may reduce circulating female hormone levels,” 研究表明长期实验的证据表明纤维可以降低女性体内的荷尔蒙。