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2017年12月大学英语六级翻译暑假特训练习题(四)

2017年7月13日来源:233网校评论
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  2017年12月大学英语六级翻译暑假特训练习题由233网校英语四级翻译模拟试题栏目为您提供,希望对您有所帮助。手撕英语六级90%高频考点>>  英语四级备考app下载

  英语六级翻译练习一

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  中国土地广阔,人口众多。尽管全国都讲汉语,但是不同地区的人说汉语的方式不同,这被称为方言。方言一般被称为地方话,是汉语在不同地区的分支,只在特定地区使用。汉语方言非常复杂。它们有以下三方面不同:发音、词汇和语法。发音的区别为显著。2000多年前,中国人发现社交时应该使用统一的语言。和方言相比,普通话(mandarin)能被所有人理解。普通话有利于不同种族、地区人民之间的信息传递和文化交流。

  参考翻译:

  China has a vast land and a large population. Eventhough the Chinese language is spoken all over thecountry, people in different areas speak it in differentways, which are called dialects. Generally called locallanguages, dialects are branches of the Chineselanguage in different regions, and are only used in certain areas. Dialects of the Chineselanguage are very complicated. They differ from each other in three aspects: pronunciation,vocabulary and grammar. And the difference in pronunciation is the most outstanding. Over2,000 years ago, Chinese people realized that a common language should be used in socialactivities. Compared with dialects,mandarin can be understood by all people. It is beneficialto information transmission and cultural exchange between ethnic groups and people indifferent places..

  1.土地广阔:可转译为名词短语a vast land。vast是指“幅员辽阔的”,这里不能用wide。但是表示物体的宽度时可以用wide,比如:The river is 100m wide.(这条河宽100米。)

  2.人口众多:即“很多的人口”,可转译为名词短语a largepopulation。

  3.与...不同:可译为differ from或be different from。

  4.发音的区别为显著:可译为The difference in pronunciation is the most outstanding。

  5.有利于:可译为be beneficial to。

  6.信息传递和文化交流:可译为information transmission and cultural exchange。

  英语六级翻译练习二

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  西部大开发(China's Western Development Policy)是中华人民共和国中央政府的一项政策,目的是“把东部沿海地区的剩余经济发展能力(surplus capacity of economicdevelopment),用以提高西部地区的经济和社会发展水平、巩固国防。” 加速西部地区发展,是缩小地区差距、实现共同富裕的中国特色社会主义的本质要求;是进一步扩大国内需求、保持国民经济持续、快速、健康发展的客观要求;是改善全国生态环境、实现可持续发展的急切要求;也是维护社会稳定、民族团结和边疆安全的迫切要求。

  参考翻译:

  China's Western Development Policy is a policy madeby the Central People's Grovernment of the People'sRepublic of China. It aims at enhancing the economicand social development in the western region andconsolidating the national defense by using surpluscapacity of economic development in the east coast of China. Accelerating development in thewestern region is the essential requirement of the socialism with Chinese characteristics, thegoal of which is to narrow the gap between different regions and to achieve the collectiveprosperity. At the same time, accelerating development in the western region is theobjective requirement of expanding domestic demands and maintaining sustainable, rapidand sound development of our national economy. It is also the urgent request of improvingecological environment nationwide and achieving sustainable development. At last, it is thepressing claim for maintaining social stability, national unity and security in the borderregion.

  1.西部大开发是中华人民共和国中央人民政府的一项政策:即“是中国政府制定的一项政策”,此处可处理为定语从句,译为China's Western Development Policy is a policymade by the Central People's Government of thePeople's Republic of China.其中过去分词短语made by...作policy的后置定语。

  2.剩余经济发展能力:其中“剩余能力”可译为surpluscapacity。

  3.提高...经济和社会发展水平:可译为enhancing the economic and social development。因enhance前面是介词at,故此处用其现在分词形式。

  4.缩小地区差距:可译为narrow the gap between different regions。narrow作形容词意为“狭窄的”,作动词则意为“使变窄”,引申为“缩小”。

  5.共同富裕:可译为名词短语collective prosperity。

  6.扩大国内需求:可译为expanding domestic demands。

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