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2016年考研英语二Text4答案解析

来源:233网校  2016年3月4日   【233网校:中国教育考试门户】  
      36 【参考答案】A having a family with a child
  【考点分类】细节题。定位关键词cross-generation 和a successful life
  【思路解析】根据信号词定位到第二段。Across generational lines, Americans continue to prize many of the same traditional milestones of a successful life, including getting married, having children, owning a home and retiring in their sixties 两代人都认依然赞同以传统的方式评价成功的生活:结婚生子,有房子并且六十岁左右退休,只有A选项符合上面列举的细节。
  37 【参考答案】C attach importance to pre-marital finance
  【考点分类】细节题。定位关键词Paragraph 3 和young people
  【思路解析】根据信号词定位到第三段,但是整个第三段的内容都和年轻人有关,所以这道题用选项排除更为直接。[A] favor a slower life pace “年轻人喜好慢生活节奏” 和原文favor communities with more public services and a faster pace of life相反,排除A。[B] hold an occupation longer“在某个职位工作很长时间”和原文they will advance their careers most by regularly changing jobs 冲突,排除B。[D] give priority to childcare outside the home“优先考虑请请外人照顾孩子”是对原文的错误解读children are best served by two parents working outside the home。
  38【参考答案】B reach almost all aspects of American life
  【考点分类】细节题。信号词:priorities and expectations、the young和define
  【思路解析】根据信号词定位到第四段。those just starting out in life are defining priority and expectations that will increasingly spread through virtually all aspects of American life 其中that引导的定语从句表明“对于优先权和期望值的定义延伸到了美国生活的方方面面”。
  39【参考答案】 D getting established is harder for the young
  【考点分类】细节题。信号词:young and old agree
  【思路解析】根据信号词定位到第五段。big majorities in both groups believe those “just getting started in life” face a tougher climb than earlier generations in reaching such signpost achievements as securing a good-paying job, starting a family, managing debt, and finding affordable housing.“大多数老年人和年亲人认为和老一辈人比起来,现在的年轻人想要实现一些标志性的成就更加艰难,例如…D就是这句话的同义替换。
  40【参考答案】 B his parents’ good life has little to do with a college degree
  【考点分类】细节题。信号词:Schneider
  【思路解析】根据信号词定位到后一段。“I still grew up in an upper middle-class home with parents who didn’t have college degrees,” Schneider said. “我父母没有大学文凭,但我仍在中产阶级上层的环境下长大成人”

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