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2016年考研英语二真题及答案解析(全文)

来源:233网校  2016年10月25日   【天天233网校,天天进步大!】  

  Section 1 Use of English

  Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  Happy people work differently. They’re more productive, more creative, and willing to take greater risks. And new research suggests that happiness might influence__1__firm’s work, too.

  Companies located in places with happier people invest more, according to a recent research paper.__2__, firms in happy places spend more on R&D (research and development). That’s because happiness is linked to the kind of longer-term thinking__3__for making investments for the future.

  The researchers wanted to know if the__4__and inclination for risk-taking that come with happiness would__5__the way companies invested. So they compared U.S. cities’ average happiness__6__by Gallup polling with the investment activity of publicly traded firms in those areas.

  __7__enough, firms’ investment and R&D intensity were correlated with the happiness of the area in which they were__8__.But is it really happiness that’s linked to investment, or could something else about happier cities__9__why firms there spend more on R&D? To find out, the researchers controlled for various__10__that might make firms more likely to invest – like size, industry, and sales – and for indicators that a place was__11__to live in, like growth in wages or population. The link between happiness and investment generally__12__even after accounting for these things.

  The correlation between happiness and investment was particularly strong for younger firms, which the authors__13__to “less codified decision making process” and the possible presence of “younger and less__14__managers who are more likely to be influenced by sentiment.” The relationship was__15__stronger in places where happiness was spread more__16__.Firms seem to invest more in places where most people are relatively happy, rather than in places with happiness inequality.

  __17__ this doesn’t prove that happiness causes firms to invest more or to take a longer-term view, the authors believe it at least__18__at that possibility. It’s not hard to imagine that local culture and sentiment would help__19__how executives think about the future. “It surely seems plausible that happy people would be more forward-thinking and creative and__20__R&D more than the average,” said one researcher.

  1. [A] why [B] where [C] how [D] when

  2. [A] In return [B] In particular [C] In contrast [D] In conclusion

  3. [A] sufficient [B] famous [C] perfect [D] necessary

  4. [A] individualism [B] modernism [C] optimism [D] realism

  5. [A] echo [B] miss [C] spoil [D] change

  6. [A] imagined [B] measured [C] invented [D] assumed

  7. [A] Sure [B] Odd [C] Unfortunate [D] Often

  8. [A] advertised [B] divided [C] overtaxed [D] headquartered

  9. [A] explain [B] overstate [C] summarize [D] emphasize

  10.[A] stages [B] factors [C] levels [D] methods

  11.[A] desirable [B] sociable [C] reputable [D] reliable

  12.[A] resumed [B] held [C]emerged [D] broke

  13.[A] attribute [B] assign [C] transfer [D]compare

  14.[A] serious [B] civilized [C] ambitious [D]experienced

  15.[A] thus [B] instead [C] also [D] never

  16.[A] rapidly [B] regularly [C] directly [D] equally

  17.[A] After [B] Until [C] While [D] Since

  18.[A] arrives [B] jumps [C] hints [D] strikes

  19.[A] shape [B] rediscover [C] simplify [D] share

  20.[A] pray for [B] lean towards [C] give away [D] send out

  1. [标准答案][C]how

  [考点分析]连词辨析

  [选项分析]? 根据语境,“新发现表明:快乐可能会影响工作__的稳定。”[A] 为什么 [B] 哪里 [C] 怎样,多么 [D] 当…时候。根据语义分析,C选项填入原文,译为“快乐可能会影响工作是有多么稳定”,C为正确选项。

  2. [标准答案][B]In particular

  [考点分析]上下文语义以及短语辨析

  [选项分析][A] 反过来 [B] 尤其是 [C] 相反 [D] 总的来说 根据前文语境,第二段句译为“根据近期的研究,拥有更多快乐的人的公司会投资更多”。而第二句“_______那些在快乐氛围中的公司会做更多的研发以及发展。“第二句是在句的基础上进一步强调说明,因此B选项更符合语境要求。

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