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托福语法技巧:this/these that/those

这几个词用做形容词时,要与所修饰的名词在数上一致。它们是一随名词的数的变化而变化的形容词。

  This beach was quite empty last year.

  去年这个海滩很空荡。

  This exhibition will be open until the end of May.

  这次展览会要开到5月底。

  These people come from that hotel over there.

  这些人是从那边那个饭店来的。

  What does that notice say?

  那个通知说什么?

  That exhibition closed a month ago.

  那个展览一个月前就闭幕了。

  He was dismissed on the 13th.That night the factory went on fire.

  他在13号被解雇。那天晚上工厂失火了。

  Do you see those birds at the top of the tree?

  你看到树梢上的那些鸟了吗?

  有时为了表示强调,用this/these/that/those+名词+of+your/hers等或Ann’s等这一结构,而不用 your/her等+名词结构:

  This diet of mine/My diet isn’t having much effect.

  我节食的方法效果不大。

  That car of Ann’s/Ann’s car is always breaking down.

  安的那辆车老要坏。

  由这样的短语构成的话通常具有“令人不满”的贬义,但不一定总是这样。

  B this/these/,that/those用做代词:

  This is my umbrella.That’s yours.

  这把伞是我的。那是你的。

  These are the old classrooms. Those are the new ones.

  这些是旧教室。那些是新的。

  -Who’s that(man over there)?

  -That’s Tom Jones.

  -那(边的那个男人)是谁?

  -那是汤姆·琼斯。

  播送完一个节目时说:

  That was the concerto in C minor by Vivaldi.

  刚刚播送的是维瓦尔迪作曲的C小调协奏曲。

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